Can Romanian cities become 100% RES?
The 100% SER tag, which incorporates in it the insurance that the energy necessary to the towns comes only from renewable sources, is a national and European recognition, a source of pride, but it can only be obtained through considerable efforts on the part of the local administrations. But the question posed is, can the cities of Romania achieve this objective? Are towns in Romania close to reaching this objective?
In a more polluted word, the efforts to become a "green city" should be stimulated by the central administrations, maybe in a more important manner to the touristic resorts. It's preferable that during the holidays or the restoration programs, to rest in a clean city, with a pleasant smell, in which the air is air, and not a combination of toxic gases with greenhouse effect. I believe this is one of the reasons why rural tourism is growing at a national and European level, and not only the lower costs. It would be a healthy idea to open some financial lines to address this domain.
The search company for the towns which can fulfill the conditions for receiving the tag of 100% RES was unreeled at the same time as the one for LIGA RES. At the moment, nu candidates have been found for the title, but some efforts in the domain could be noticed. There are definitely local administrations which wish to have this tag, and we consider the positive example offered by the balneal and climacteric resort Slanic Moldova, unfortunately wounded by the financial crisis.
The town of Slanic Moldova is situated at an altitude of 530m, and it has about 5430 inhabitants, being situated 86 km from Bacau City. Also known as "The Pearl of Moldavia", Slanic Moldova resort has a great touristic offer, due to its special environment, rich in hydro-mineral resources (therapeutic mineral and gaseous water). The quality of its springs, which made this resort famous not only on national level but also abroad, was certified at many international exhibitions, receiving numerous medals, most of them gold medals. The bio-climate of this resort surrounded by thick coniferous and deciduous forests, which is considered to be tonic and stimulating, is another positive and very valuable aspect.
In January 2011 a collaboration agreement is signed with a consortium of companies from Germany, in order to achieve the pilot project, the first of its kind in Romania, „Carpathians Green COP– 2012”. According to this project, Slanic Moldova should have to give up the classic electrical energy in favor of the renewable energy. In 2012, the balneal and climacteric resort Slanic Moldova should have become the first town in Romania to achieve energetic independence. In this project, the following objectives were prefigured:
- A modular geothermal power plant combined with a biomass (wood) heating system;
- A solar unit installed on the gym roof, the electric power being delivered directly to the electric vehicles;
- A biogas plant “Slanic Agro Gaz România”;
- A Wind Park Slanic România;
- E-mobility, using German electric automobiles produced by Automotive Interior World Gmbh Regnitzlosau and Plauen-Neuensalz in cooperation with Romanian partners.
Unfortunately these things could not be realized yet, but the local administration did not give up on implementing the renewable energy sources. One of the schools from the city has solar catchers installed on the roof, with a thermal isolation of the administrative buildings being done and is in the process of a project for photovoltaic street illumination.
The conclusion of the things presented above? The cities of Romania can become 100% RES but more time and financial support is needed for this to happen.