Renewable Energy in the Romanian Village Tasca

The promenade area in Tasca, with the new lightening system
Published by Liliana Topliceanu on 20.08.2013

Tasca village is a good example of dynamics in the area of renewable energy sources and other small communities from Romania followed its example.

Tasca started to experiment the photovoltaic street lighting system in 2011, as part of a bigger environmental project. The municipality developed the illumination of a leisure area with photovoltaic systems. 16 pillars have been mounted, each of them having 200W and the system will be extended in the future.

Other plans of the municipality include the building, in the area Tarcau-Damuc, of a wind park with wind-power stations which should provide the power necessary for all the public sector in these communities (lighting, water, heat) and so on. A partnership was realized among the neighbouring villages: Damuc, Bicaz Chei, Bicazu-Ardelean, Tasca, Bicaz, Tarcau and in 2012 have been installed the tools to measure the wind intensity. The project, which is very big and it will cost several million euros, it was submitted for funding under Axis 4 of the Operational Programme Increase of Economic Competitiveness.

Tasca is a joint community located in the North-Eastern part of Romania, on the river Bicaz. At 29 km distance from the city of Piatra Neamt (the administrative residence of Neamt County), Tasca has a population of  2715 inhabitants. Together with its small villages Hamzoaia, Secu, Neagra and Ticoş Florea, Tasca is a beautiful, typical village for Bicaz Valley.

The touristic resources in Tasca and surroundings are represented by:

  • Ceahlau Mountain. Ceahlau is a National Park (http://www.ceahlaupark.ro/), with restricted access. The landscapes are amazing in the clear days. One can see many rocks with bizarre aspects, deep forests and a large alpine plateau. Ceahlau National Park shelters a large variety of flora and fauna; some of the species are endemic or rarely seen elsewhere in Romania.
  • Bicaz Gorges. Descending in Bicaz valley, cross spectacular Bicaz Gorges to Lacu Rosu resort. Bicaz Gorges is the most spectacular gorges from Oriental Carpathians. With huge rocks over 350m high, this is a rock climbing paradise.

The main occupation of the inhabitants in Tasca is agriculture, a small part of them working at the cement factory in Bicaz.

The connection between Tasca Village and the renewable energy sources was made due to the help provided by the Danish Government at the initiative of the Environment Protection Agency in Piatra Neamt.

In 1998, an agreement between municipality of Tasca, Neamt County authorities and DEPA was signed, establishing the basis for implementation of a pilot project in Tasca, based upon a considerable grant from DEPA. Grue & Hornstrup Consulting Engineers obtained, in August 1998, the assignment as consultants responsible for design, tendering and implementation of the project on the behalf of DEPA. Before the heating season 1999-2000 the entire project was commissioned which included 1) new boiler plant, 2) district heating network, 3) consumer connection units, 4) replacement of pipes under buildings etc. The heat output capacity of the biomass boiler system is 2.5 MW.

In Tasca, single-family houses are spread all over the village whereas most public buildings (town hall, school, kindergarten etc.) and blocks of flats are concentrated in the centre of Tasca. The new biomass based district heating system is designed to supply hot water to buildings located in the centre of Tasca.

The financing scheme for the demonstration project in Tasca is formed by: DEPA (grant) 90 % and Municipality of Tasca 10 %.

The demonstration project in Tasca has resulted in environmental benefits and proved that a local environmentally friendly energy source (wood waste) could be used as fuel in district-heating systems in Romania.

By substituting a CO2 neutral fuel (wood waste) for a fossil fuel (oil), the new biomass boiler contributes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The estimation of saved CO2 emissions as a result of implementing the demonstration project in Tasca is based on the following assumptions:

  • Quantity of wood waste combusted (sawdust): 2500 tons/year
  • Heat calorific value of wet sawdust (50% water content): 8.27 GJ/ton
  • Typical emission factor-oil: 77.30 KG CO2/GJ fuel used (based on lower calorific values)
  • CO2 emission reduction generated by the projects in Tasca: approx. 1600 tons/year 

In addition of these, Tasca started to experiment the photovoltaic street lighting system. Thus in 2011, as part of a bigger environmental project, the municipality developed the illumination of a leisure area with photovoltaic systems. 16 pillars have been mounted, each of them having 200W and the system will be extended in the future.

Other plans of the municipality include the building, in the area Tarcau-Damuc, of a wind park with wind-power stations which should provide the power necessary for all the public sector in these communities (lighting, water, heat) and so on.  It was realized a partnership among the neighbouring villages: Damuc, Bicaz Chei, Bicazu-Ardelean, Tasca, Bicaz, Tarcau and in 2012 have been installed the tools to measure the wind intensity. The project, which is very big, it will cost several million euros and it was submitted for funding under Axis 4 of the Operational Programme Increase of Economic Competitiveness.

Tasca village is a good example of dynamics in the area of renewable energy sources and other small communities from Romania followed its example.